Sampling in music refers to the art of reusing a portion of a previously made tune, melodies, vocal, or recording in another track using a digital audio interface like GarageBand. Using samples, artists can recreate a particular beat or sound record in a new avatar. Sampling started with hip-hop artists using bits of soul or funk music or particular beats of a drum set, to use as a background or supplement to their rap sequence.
Using GarageBand, you can easily add samples of previously downloaded recordings or original tracks composed on the app. To do so, follow the steps listed below:
- Open the GarageBand app and select the New Track icon.
- Choose the ‘Software Instrument’ type of template.
- Open the ‘Smart Controls’ window to open the panel for choosing the sample to be included.
- Go to the ‘Tracks’ section on the left side of the panel to access the ‘Plug-ins’ menu.
- Under this menu, look for the Currently Loaded Instruments and click on this option.
- Hover your pointer over ‘Audio Unit (AU) Instruments’, then choose Apple from the drop-down menu.
- Select ‘AU Sampler’ option from this menu and press ‘Stereo’.
- This will open the Sampler panel on your screen which will have a variety of controls.
- On the bottom left corner of the Sampler interface, you will find a gear icon. Click on it and choose ‘Add Samples’.
- Choose the samples you have saved from the list of locations and press ‘Sample’.
- To remove the default SineWave sound that plays alongside the sample, select the SineWave option, and click on the minus button at the bottom of the window.
- To finally add it to your Project or final track, press Record to start playing.
- You can use the Quantize option to further edit the sample on your track.
- To use third-party instruments or sound files, make sure they’re in EXS or DLS format, and from the top right corner use the Import option to choose the file of either format.
Pitch determines the higher or lower sounding quality of sound. While recording audios on GarageBand, you can easily change the pitch of a particular track to whatever frequency you want it to be in. This can easily be done by following these steps:
- Open GarageBand and the track whose pitch you want to alter.
- Add another track by clicking on the plus button and choosing the Audio option.
- Choosing the second track, click on Voice option from the left panel.
- Now select the ‘Compressed Vocal’ option.
- From the Tools button on the top of the window, open the Controls panel.
- On the top right corner of the Controls window, click on the only present button to open a Stompbox panel.
- In the available pre-set options menu, choose ‘Pitch’ from the drop-down list.
- After choosing the type of pitch you want (Classic Octave, Octave Up, Only, Mix, etc.), drag the original track whose pitch you want to correct in the new track’s section.
- When you press the play this changed pitch, you can hear how it sounds.
- You can also change the pitch effects in real-time while playing the altered track by using the button controls in the Pitch panel.
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